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How Do I Participate?

There are a variety of ways you can conduct a Carbon Farming Project or participate in the Emissions Reduction Fund as well as a range of tools and resources learn more about options and possible benefits available to you, see what research is being done in this industry and much more. 

This section also provides key information about the process for conducting a project, earning and selling carbon credits.

Find Resources How to do a project and sell credits

Find Resources to Help

Access further information and resources for your farm, project type or method below by browsing by industry, farm/project type, method or resource type below.

If you would like to suggest some resources that should be included here to assist the CFI community please contact us.


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How to do a project and sell credits

There are a series of key steps required to conduct an ERF project. To find out more about each step and who you may be able to contact for assistance simply click on any of the steps listed below.

  • Learning & Feasibility 1
  • Register Your Project Open a Registry Account 2
  • Selling Credits via Auctions & other methods 3
  • Undertake Approved Project 4
  • Submit Reports & Apply for Credits 5
  • Delivery and Payment 6
  • Finishing your project 7
  • Step 1 - Learning & Feasibility

    *Already conducting a CFI project and want to know about transitioning to the ERF? Click Here

    The first step in conducting a Carbon Farming project is learning about whether there is a method available that is suitable for you, your business and your land.

    Simply having some trees on your land or changing your light bulbs does not mean you will earn carbon credits.

    You must follow a method, which is the Government approved rules for different project types you can carry out.

    Whilst there are a number of methods available there may not be one that is suitable for you. If this is the case you will not be able to carry out a project at this time however new methods are frequently considered and released so check back frequently or subscribe to our newsletter to stay informed.

    Deciding to carry out a project is an important business decision and whether or not a project is feasible depends on a number of factors including; your farm type, where it is located, the size of the project, the availability of an applicable method, the up-front costs and the price you receive for your credits.

    Consult the Clean Energy Regulator's page for more information about what you should consider when Planning a Project

    Carrying out a Carbon Farming project is a complex project but rest assured that there are government departments and private companies who can help you at every step of the way. Some of them are available on the Who Do I Contact  page.

    Further Reading 

    "Getting Started in the ERF" is a great resource to read early on in your earning (Clean Energy Regulator)

    Opportunities for the Land Sector (Clean Energy Regulator) 

    Decision-making Tree (Clean Energy Regulator) 

    Fact sheet: The Emissions Reduction Fund: eligible projects (Department of the Environment) 

    Who To Contact

  • Step 2 - Apply to Become a Scheme Particpant and Open a Registry Account

    After you have decided which method is suitable for you and your land and determined that you wish carry out a project you need to Register your Project and open an Australian National Registry of Emissions Units (ANREU) account.

    Registering your Project

    To proceed with a project you must have it registered with the Clean Energy Regulator.This process involves providing details about the project and those who are intending to carry it out. 

    You can complete this process yourself, but there can be some challenging requirements such as receiving eligible consent forms from stakeholders with an interest in your land and it is advisable to seek external support. 

    There are different ways to carry out a project, each with a different arrangement for sharing the costs, benefits, and responsibilities for projects on your land. There are a number of Project Developers with expertise and experience who can assist you with anything from basic guidance to conducting the entire project on your behalf

    Opening an ANREU Account

    The ANREU  account is where carbon credit units (ACCUs) will be stored once they are issued by the Clean Energy Regulator.

    This process is relatively simple and the Clean Energy Regulator is available to talk you through it. 

    The Clean Energy Regulator are making it easier to participate by providing a range of forms for different scenarios. A list of these scenarios is available here or you can access the forms directly here.

    Further Reading

    ERF Application (Clean Energy Regulator) 

    Who To Contact

  • Step 3 - Selling Credits via Auctions & other methods

    Once you have successfully registered your project the next step is to find a buyer for your credits.

    The primary method for selling your credits is by participating in an Auction conducted by the Clean Energy Regulator

    What is the Auction?

    Under the Emissions Reduction Fund the government has a funding pool of 2.55 billion dollars to purchase carbon credits using a 'Reverse Auction'. 'Reverse' in this case meaning purchasing the lowest price bids rather than the highest price as occurs at a house auction.

    These auctions will be carried out at various times during the year and involve the person carrying out the project (Scheme Participant) submitting a bid which includes the price-per-tonne and the volume of tonnes to be sold. These bids are sealed, meaning that bidders will not be aware of other bidders prices.

    The government will then choose which projects are successful, agree to purchase these credits and enter into a contract with the Scheme Participant.

    The government has advised they will purchase credits based on lowest cost.

    What if I'm not successful at the Auction or don't want to participate? Can I still do my project?

    Yes, if you do not receive a contract to purchase your credits through the Auction process you can still carry out your project and earn carbon credits. Your project must still follow an approved method and fulfill all other requirements. If you do decide to proceed with the project and it is carried out in line with all other requirements the project will generate carbon credits which the Clean Energy Regulator will issue to your ANREU account.

    Who will buy my credits if the government doesn't?

    If you don't participate in the auction or are not successful in winning a contract you can still earn credits and attempt to sell them in the 'Secondary Market'. You can also enter an auction at a later date if you are unsuccessful or did not participate.

    Those who might purchase from you in the secondary market may include;

    Projects who have received a contract in the Auction but for some reason cannot deliver the number of credits they agreed (like a wind farm not producing enough power). These projects will need to source enough credits to make-up the shortfall.

    Companies that fall under the 'Safeguard Mechanism' and have exceeded their emissions cap.

    The details of how the 'Safeguard Mechanism' and the secondary market will work together are not yet fully known and the size and scope of the secondary market are as-yet untested.

    It is important that you are fully aware of all the risks and obligations before deciding to conduct a Carbon Farming or ERF project.

    Further Reading

    Contracts and Auctions (Clean Energy Regulator)

    The Safeguard Mechanism (Department of Environment)

    Who To Contact

  • Step 4 - Undertake Approved Project

    This is the step where you must actually perform the actions required to complete the project and earn credits. The actions required will be set out in the method that you have chosen to follow.

    Carrying out these projects can include a wide array or activities including; new farm practices or behaviours, different feed types, purchase of new equipment or machinery, planting trees, building fences, controlling pests etc.

    The most important aspect is to ensure that you are adhering to the specific requirements of your method. This way you can ensure that you will have fewer problems with receiving your carbon credits and the process will progress as quickly and easily as possible

    Methods are complex legal documents so ensure you have appropriate independent advice and guidance through the duration of your project. 

    Who To Contact

  • Step 5 - Submit Projects & Audit Reports & Apply for Credits

    In order to apply for carbon credits the first time, you must submit a projects report and have your project audited. This audit helps ensure that the project is being carried out correctly and in line with the chosen method. The projects report provides the basis for how many ACCUs have been earned by the project and the Audit provides assurance to this. Projects Reports can be completed as frequently as every six months or up to every 2 years (or even 5 years for some projects).

    If you have a contract with the Clean Energy Regulator, you must ensure you have reported in time to meet the delivery schedule set out in the contract.

    Audits must be completed by a registered greenhouse & energy auditor.  The list of approved CFI auditors is available below.

    Once the audit and projects report has been completed and processed you will receive notification of how many carbon credits you will receive for the reporting period. These credits will then be issued to your ANREU account.

    Further Reading

    Register of Greenhouse and Energy Auditors by State (Clean Energy Regulator)

    Audits in the ERF Risk-based audit framework (Clean Energy Regulator)

    Who To Contact

  • Step 6 - Delivery and Payment

    If you have a contract with the Clean Energy Regulator to deliver carbon credits (ACCUs) whether from being successful in the auction process or otherwise you will need to deliver these credits according to what is stipulated in your contract. You will then be paid the amount that was agreed to and set out in the contract.

    If your project does not deliver the amount of carbon credits agreed to by the contract you may need to source these credits from other approved projects or from the secondary-market (discussed in Step 3)

    If you do not have a contract with the Clean Energy Regulator you may sell your credits on the secondary market. Delivery and Payment conditions in this case will be specific to each agreement.

    In both cases it is important that you seek your own independent legal and/or financial advice

    Who To Contact

  • Step 7 - Finishing your project

    Depending on your project type and any contracts you may have in place, with the Clean Energy Regulator or otherwise, you will have a range of obligations and opportunities after your project is completed.

    Some project types have long lasting obligations which ensure that the benefits remain for a predefined period. For example 25-100 years. These periods are called a Permanence Period and there are specific actions required to fulfill these requirements.

    There may be a range of conditions that must be fulfilled even long-after carbon credits have been issued and sold. It is important that you are aware of these in order to avoid any mishaps or confusion.

    Further Reading

    Permanence and the Emissions Reduction Fund (Clean Energy Regulator)

    Who To Contact

Need Assistance? If you have any questions regarding starting your Carbon Farming project, we are happy to help assist with your enquiry Email Us

This website was developed and maintained by Climate Friendly under a grant from the Australian Government under the Carbon Farming Futures Extension and Outreach program.

The project was completed in June 2017 and this website will no longer be updated.
The information remains relevant and this website will remain live until June 2018.